ONffroy de Verez, An Historical Account


Return from Outremer

Saint Christophe
Return to


Return to Bretagne, Revolution of 1789,
The Vendée Revolt

Return to Saint-Domingue, the Slave Revolts 1791-1803

Napoleonic Empire, Restoration of the Legitimate Monarchy

Revolution and Exile

Jamaica, England, Constantinople, Turkey, Peru, New Orleans

Napoleonic Empire,
Restoration of the Legitimate Monarchy

Napoleon BonaparteThe reign of terror imposed by the First French Republic ended in 1804 with the rise to power of Napoleon Bonaparte. Bonaparte had successfully led campaigns against the coalitions of European powers arrayed against the new French Republic and, in 1804, the French Senate declared him Napoleon I, Emperor of France.

In 1810, Jacques Rolland Onffroy returned to northwestern France,and the Chateau de la Gaudinelaye. There the family once again settled into the privileged lifestyle of the French nobility. Jacques Rolland obtained a new rank of colonel, dated June 20, 1815, from Monsieur the Marquis de la Boessiere, his majesty’s commissioner in Bretagne. Jacques Rolland involved himself to a great degree in the agriculture of region and introduced potato cultivation there. He received awards and a great deal of recognition for his work in agriculture. He remained a very rich man from his plantations in Jamaica and, after a long old age, died at his Chateau de la Gaudinelaye in 1829 surrounded by his 33 children and grandchildren. As late as 1866, his name was still known and venerated throughout the region.

The Restoration of the Legitimate Monarchy

In 1814, a coalition of European powers - Austria, Prussia, Russia, the United Kingdom, Sweden and a number of German states - invaded France and forced Napoleon to abdicate. The Bourbons were returned to power. The legitimate royalty was finally restored when Louis XVIII returned from 23 years in exile in Russia and Prussia where he had lived under an assumed name. He was allowed to resume the throne under the condition that he agree to ratify a new constitution that recognized both the Republic and the Empire.

Chateau de Plessis BardoultAfter the restoration of the monarchy, Benjamin Onffroy returned to France from Jamaica and went into the service of the King. In 1815, he fought as a colonel of the royal volunteers of Vitré during the Hundred Days, the brief period during which Napoleon I was restored as emperor. Benjamin was also captain in the legion d’Ile-et-Vilaine.

Anne Marthe Rolland Onffroy sold his coffee plantations in Jamaica in 1816 in order to offer his services to His Majesty. Upon returning to France, he and his family settled in the Chateau de Plessis Bardoult, a few miles distant from his father’s Chateau de la Gaudinelaye and he joined the royal army as a senior artillery commander. He served with distinction as the squadron chief of the 6th artillery and held the titles of chevalier de l’ordre royal et militaire de Saint-Louis and was deployed in the regiment of Douai.

In 1823, he commanded the French artillery in the Spanish campaign when the French military marched into Spain to return Ferdinand VII to the Spanish throne. Anne Marthe Roland Onffroy was made Comte by King Louis XVIII after directing the bombardment on the fortified city of Pamplona which resulted in a decisive French victory. He gained the additional honors including the orders of St. Ferdinand and of Charles III of Spain.

Henry Jean Achille returned to France from Jamaica in 1822 after the restoration. In1826, he purchased the Chateau de la Fiolais located just south of Guichen in Ile-et-Vilaine. He died there in 1836.

                   Pond of the Chateau de Plessis Bardoult